This potential for impact has lent itself to numerous studies on the impact of parent involvement on homework, but research still provides highly mixed reviews of just how much impact can be attributed to parent involvement. The results have shown that the effects of homework may be influenced by students’ academic performance level, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status SES. The lack of unequivocal connections between homework and learning, combined with strong opinions both for and against homework, may spur policymakers to take a closer look at the issue. Policy homework is often assigned to fulfill mandates from school or district administration, such as requirements for a specified amount of daily or weekly homework. Only two of the studies reported improved academic achievement; however, several noted improvements in behavioral skills, such as increased academic motivation and improved work habits, which may indirectly impact achievement.
Cooper’s review of studies that included teacher feedback measures found no significant impact on student achievement from the type of feedback provided by teachers. In the early s, parents became concerned that children were not being assigned enough homework in the belief that homework was essential for academic excellence Gill and Schlossman However, other researchers offer contrasting views and contend that the impact of homework time on achievement is greater at the earlier fourth and fifth grade levels, compared to the later sixth to tenth grade levels De Jong, Westerhof, and Creemers School board members have long struggled with this question as they strive to implement policies that will support student learning. For instance, of the eight studies included in Cooper’s b meta-analysis of preparation and practice homework, only two studies examined the effects of both types. A couple of research studies, however, have examined the role of homework policy. The findings may be attributed to various circumstances, they say.
The central lesson of this body of research is that homework is not a strategy that works for all children. Balli discovered that when parents help their sixth-grade children with homework, the students believe they do better in school—regardless of how they feel about working with their parents.
What research says about the value of homework: Research review
Teacher feedback The teacher’s response to homework assignments is occasionally reported as a factor influencing the impact of homework on achievement or other outcomes. The studies discussed in this review cite both potentially positive and potentially negative effects on students, highlighting the difficulty in forming sound conclusions about the value of homework.
Older students appear to benefit more than younger students, for example. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Coktts the past decade, according to Gill and Schlossman”leading educational spokespersons have celebrated homework as essential to raise educational standards, foster high academic achievement, upgrade the quality of the labor force, and link family and school in a common teaching mission” Skip to main content.
homeqork As this review will show, the research suggests that homework may benefit some students under certain conditions. Trautwein and Koller highlight several limitations of the research literature. This research indicates that a variety of factors influence homework’s effect on students, including the subject matter, the amount of homework, and the nature of the assignment; classroom factors such as provision of materials and follow-up discussion in class; and home or community factors such as parent involvement Cooper a.
Throughout the s and s, the majority of adults supported and endorsed homework for its character-building and academic benefits.
What is the Purpose of Homework?
Cooper a argues that reviews on the link between homework and achievement often directly contradict one another and are so different in design that the findings of one study cannot be evaluated fairly against the findings of others. Bryan, Nelson, and Mathru claim that homework overexposes children to academic duties, decreasing their interest and increasing their physical and emotional fatigue; researchers call this the satiation effect.
Their study, which addressed several concerns regarding the possible effects of students’ age, yielded these findings:. The new backlash against homework could be viewed as part of the natural cycle, or as a fresh perspective on how these strict accountability requirements affect students.
Project MUSE – Meanings of Homework and Implications for Practice
Kralovec and Buell attribute the lack of conclusive evidence to the diversity of research questions and designs used in homework research. The following studies are representative of the inconclusive nature of homework research: Although their review did not conclude overall effectiveness of homework for these students, it did conclude that other variables influence the link between achievement and homework.
What research says about the value of homework. The studies discussed in this review cite both potentially positive and potentially yomework effects on students, highlighting the difficulty in forming sound conclusions about the value of homework. These findings contribute to the body of research claiming that homework may be detrimental to younger students.
What is the Purpose of Homework? – McREL International
Journal of Advanced Couts, 22 2, The association between homework and achievement, in other words, may be the result of doutts, not studied, factor that influences both. The findings may be attributed to various circumstances, they say. A quasi-experimental study by Van Voorhis looked at science homework involving interaction between parent and student to measure its impact on family involvement and academic achievement. On the other hand, some researchers are echoing those of the Vietnam era, claiming that “a predictable backlash [has] set in, led by beleaguered parents concerned about the stresses ccoutts their children” Cooper, Robinson, and Patall4.
Finally, she found that students who were assigned interactive homework received better science grades than students who were assigned other types of homework.
The results have shown that the effects of homework may be influenced by students’ academic performance level, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status SES. Adding to this hypothesis, Cooper, Lindsay, and Nye found that students whose parents were more involved in their homework had lower test scores and class grades. Interestingly, student achievement was lower in countries where homework counted toward grades, where it was the basis of classroom discussion, and where students corrected homework in class.
However, these types of homework are often studied independently.
Nor is it clear whether providing structured time for honework to do homework results in any major learning gains. Kralovec and Buell proposed that the public’s belief in the effectiveness of homework is based on three homework myths:. The types of homework are further classified by the amount of homework assigned, which includes both frequency, or how often homework is assigned, and length of completion, or time involved to complete homework Cooper a.