Guru Tegh Bahadur prevented conversions of the Kashmiri Pandits [1] and non-Muslims [9] to Islam , and was publicly beheaded in on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for himself refusing to convert to Islam and saving Kashmiri pandits and other non-Muslims or as viewed by Muslims that he was condemned to death for waging war but was offered at last moment that converting to Islam will save him, which he declined as he wanted to be in Sikh rehat till his last breath. Celebration of Diwali and Holi was forbidden. Guru Sahib and Sikh Sangat assisted them in planting trees on barren stretches of land. A Guide for the Perplexed. It made the people of India hate Aurangzeb and his government as never before and turned the Sikh Nation into militant people. In fact Several thousand persons used to accompany him as he moved from place to place.

It proposed the way for the final stage in creation of the Khalsa, which played the most important and significant role in the history of India. The Guru questioned the idea that “occult powers were a proof of one’s nearness to God”, states Grewal. Bhai Mati Das was sawn into pieces and Bhai Dayal Das was thrown into a cauldron of boiling water, and Bhai Sati Das was burned alive, while Guru Tegh Bahadur was held inside a cage to watch his colleagues suffer. Gurdwara Sis Ganj also marks the place where the head was cremated. The Guru was made to watch as Bhai Mati Das the devoted Sikh was tied between two pillars and his body split in two by being sawn alive. Part of a series on. This page has been archived and is no longer updated.

Famous Hindu temples throughout the country were demolished and mosques built in their place.

Ram Rai also suggested that Guru Tegh Bahadur is essag to appear before the Emperor to work a miracle; if he failed, he could be put to death. Makhan Shah was about to leave the village when a child told him of yet another holy man meditating nearby in an underground room.


Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

Aurangzebbeing clever, decided if he could convert the revered Brahmin Guuru of Kashmir that millions of followers would then easily be converted. Martyrdom Of Guru Tegh Bahadur.

essay on guru tegh bahadur ji

The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, On this page Page options Print this page. He developed aspirations towards a life of selfless service and sacrifice, with a moral and spiritual courage to abide by the will of God.

History of the Sikhs: He was married to Mata Gujri Ji at Kartarpur in My successor is at Bakala. The Guru bought the site for bahaur. They were given an ultimatum either to embrace Islam or to be prepared for death. The Routledge handbook of religion and security.

He delved into his studies and spent his time in meditation living up to his given name — Master of Detachment. The Guru questioned the idea that “occult powers were a proof of one’s nearness to God”, states Grewal. History of Sikh gurus retold. Sikhs flocked to see the Guru and presented him with many gifts and offerings.

essay on guru tegh bahadur ji

He helped villagers in many ways. The Oxford encyclopedia of women in world history, Volume 2. He built the city of Anandpur Sahib, and was responsible for saving the Kashmiri Panditswho were being persecuted by the Mughals.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Last updated Makhan Shah Labana forthwith made good the difference and ran upstairs. At all the places Guru Sahib halted, Satsangat and Kirtan recitations of Verses from Guru Granth Sahib were held daily and religious sermons were delivered. The Guru now continued his journeys to spread the messages and teachings of Sikhism among the masses across the land. Under these circumstances Bhai Jaita Ji, took away the holy head of Guru Sahib, placed it in a basket, covered it carefully and set out of Anandpur Sahib.


BBC – Religions – Sikhism: Guru Tegh Bahadur

He sent Shihan a masand priest loyal to him and some men to attack the Guru while he slept. Guru Tegh Bahadur was brought up in Bahasur culture and trained in archery and horsemanship.

He had a temple converted into sesay Mosque and slaughtered a cow inside it. Grewal, a scholar of Sikh history, Guru Tegh Bahadur decided to confront the religious persecution of Kashmiri Brahmins by the Mughal officials.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji decided to stand up for the right of freedom of worship and told the delegation to tell Aurangzeb that if he could convert Guru Tegh Bahadur they would gladly convert.

Sikhism: Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

Finally, the Guru preferred the latter. As it is mentioned earlier that the Muslim theistic state executed forceful conversions in order to make India, Dar-ul-Islam and to achieve this goal as soon as possible, the Hindu Pandits and Brahmins the preaching class of Rssay, Prayag, Kurukshetra, Haridwar and Kashmir were identified for jl purpose.

It made them feels that they could protect their religion Dharma only but the defense of arms. Journal of the American Oriental Society. They were produced before an imperial court at Delhi but released shortly.

The false Gurus all ran away.