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Net Operating Working Capital Behaviour: Meltzer was one of the first authors who found a suitable substitute for bank loans. The regression analyses are tested to see if there is a presence of autocorrelation and multicollinearity in the data, using Durbin Watson D-W and Variance Inflation factor VIF statistics. Therefore the following hypotheses are developed to test if the managing of inventories and accounts payable need to be changed. This study will shed light on the working capital management during crisis periods. Boudewijn van den Berg.

Other advantages and disadvantages can be found among the trade-offs of the three parts of WCM accounts receivables, accounts payables and inventories. They found that account receivables are also positively related with ROA and that account payables are negatively related to ROA. Commercial Motives Trade credit as price discrimination Trade credit can be used as a form of price discrimination by firms, according to whether delays and discount are given to its customers Brennan et al. He also found that suppliers have an advantage in financing high-risk customers, but only in certain circumstances. For firms which are financially constrained and for which there is no alternative source of finance, a trade credit might be a substitute for a short-term bank loan Kohler et al. A smaller percentage was found by Garcia-Teruel and Martinez- Solano , who studied smaller to medium enterprises and found for these firms a percentage of Variable Definition Working Capital Measures how long a firm will be deprived of cash if it increases its investment in resources in order to expand customer sales.

The trade-off of accepting account payables or not is illustrated in figure 1.

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These tables present four different regression models with four different sets of control variables, first to check robustness and second to see if relations exist when masetr control variable s are excluded. Firms are thus better off keeping their inventory level to a reasonable minimum.

Journal of Political Economy, 78 2pp. For the working capital policy managing accounts receivables this is not the case.

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The average days of accounts payables used by firms of the sample of this study is 44,72 and with a median of 42,49 days. The difference is likely to be caused by the fact that this study only focussed on large firms and Deloof also included Small to Medium Enterprises SMEs. Higher inventory levels and variable demand The main motive of keeping high levels mastdr inventories, which are raw materials, work-in- progress, and finished goods, is to keep them as a buffer against demand fluctuations, production stoppages and other unexpected problems Ecxellent and Gasparro, ; Lieberman et al, This difference can be contributed to the different macro-economic conditions and the 15 times higher number of days of accounts payables compared to this and the other studies on WCM.

This masher of price discrimination is empirically tested by Petersen and Rajan None of the regression models using both dependent variables showed a significant relation between the cash conversion cycle and the profitability of a firm. This difference can be contributed to the different macro-economic conditions and the 15 times higher number of days of accounts payables compared to this and the other studies on WCM.

The authors aim is to understand the relation between WCM and firm profitability excelleent firms listed in Malaysia.

Boudewijn van den Berg | University of Twente –

They argue that a WCM, which resulted in the highest profitability, must be the best way of managing working capital that can be implemented. This aid to these customers could save future sales, which in turn could increase the short-term, but mainly long-term, profitability of the aiding firm.

Click here to sign up. Sample description The sample of this study will contain Dutch public listed firms amster the Euronext Amsterdam.

Wang examined the relation between liquidity management and operating performance, and uywente between liquidity management and corporate value for firms in Japan and Taiwan. Inventories Raw materials, work-in-process, and finished product that the venture hopes to sell.

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This is because it excludes the income gained through the financial activities by firms, this is done through the exclusion of fixed financial assets, which are deducted from the total assets. They found that a large amount of companies did significantly reduce their inventory levels.

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None of the tables showed a significant relation. The larger the seller is, the larger its customer base will be.

The total sample will contain about 37 firms with observations over the period andwhich are named and classified individually on the NACE classification index in Appendix A. This study will focus on large public listed firm, because of two reasons. Kaster and business relevance The literature on working capital management is limited to non-crisis period. GOP is chosen, because this measurement is used by influential studies utwemte as DeloofRaheman and Nasr and Lazaridis and Maaster Since this study focusses on large public listed firm in The Netherlands, the main research question is: Regression analyses In the following part the regression analyses are used to investigate the impact of WCM on corporate profitability for the crisis years and also the non-crisis years period.

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The second utwentr why firms increase their accounts payables is that these firms are able to increase their working capital levels and thus increasing their profitability. It explains what relations and outcome are expected of each of the hypotheses. Other advantages and disadvantages can be found among the trade-offs of the three parts of WCM accounts receivables, accounts payables and inventories.

Journal of Economics and Business, 63 Descriptive statistics Table 4. The other measurement does not include account payables and is calculated by dividing excellsnt term bank loans plus long term bank loans with total assets.