Consequently, MAYRING has developed a sequential model of qualitative content analysis and puts forward three distinct analytical procedures which may be carried out either independently or in combination, depending on the particular research question MAYRING, , p. Figure 3 shows the steps of deductive category application. Therefore, triangulation “can potentially generate what anthropologists call “holistic work” or “thick description” JICK, , p. Applying the disruptive innovation framework to the silver market F Kohlbacher, CC Hang Ageing international 36 1 , , As shown above Section 4.

New citations to this author. There has been an ongoing debate on the appropriateness of different approaches and methods in social research. Co-opetition and knowledge co-creation in Japanese supplier-networks: Sampling validity refers to the usual criteria for precise sampling and correlative validity refers to the correlation with some external criterion e. The aspects of text interpretation, following the research questions, are put into categories, which were carefully founded and revised within the process of analysis feedback loops. Stability refers to whether the same results are obtained in a renewed application of the analytical tool to the same text and reproducibility is the extent to which the analysis achieves the same results under different circumstances, for instance with different coders.

STAKE concurs, suggesting that case studies have become “one of the most common ways to do qualitative inquiry” p. Therefore and because the case study strategy is ideally suited to exploration of issues in depth and following leads into new areas of new constructions of theory, the theoretical framework at florin beginning may not be the same one that survives to the end HARTLEY,p.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research florian kohlbacher

Categories are resrarch as the more or less operational definitions of variables. However, depending on the depth and range of the extant literature, the initial focus of the case study may be quite focused or broad and open-ended. Subsequently definitions us formulated and key examples, with rules for coding in separate categories, are agreed upon.


Not all units of analysis depends on the sort of unit and the concrete technique must be coded; and inductive categories are not operationalizations of variables; but it is true, that the interpretative but rule guided process of assigning categories to text portions is crucial for qualitative content analysis.

CaseStudy < MoM < Foswiki

The procedures of summary, explication and structuring step-by-step reduce complexity and filter out the main points of analysis in an iterative process. Die Praxis der qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse Philipp Mayring Mixing qualitative and quantitative methods: The limits of participatory technology development: Citations Publications citing this paper.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research florian kohlbacher

Qualitative content analysis [28 paragraphs]. Here the text can be structured according to content, form and scaling. The procedures stuyd qualitative content analysis seem less appropriate, if the research question is highly open-ended, explorative, variable and working with categories would be a restriction, or if a more holistic, not jn ongoing of analysis is planned MAYRING, b, p.

Flodian, qualitative content analysis perfectly fits the credo of case study research: In contrast to this, STAKE identifies three types of case studies— intrinsicinstrumentaland collective —with the distinction between intrinsic and instrumental a collective case study is instrumental study extended to several cases addressing the degree to which the focus is on the unique or the generalizable features of the case research pp.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research – Semantic Scholar

This will help to refine the data collection plans with respect to both the content of the data and the procedures to be znalysis. The first stage is the determination of the units of analysis, after which the dimensions of the structuring are established on some theoretical basis and the features of the system of categories are fixed. A detailed explanation of these concepts can be found in numerous textbooks on social science methods e. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article.


Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches: If necessary the system of categories is re-examined and revised, which necessitates a reappraisal of the material. The main idea behind this concept is to discursively achieve mutual consent and accordance about the results of the analysis between the researchers and the researched.

The object of qualitative content analysis can basically be any kind of recorded communication, i. Finally, checking the findings with the case study participants can be a valuable part of the analysis and can enhance validity HARTLEY,p.

In fact, qualitative content analysis claims to synthesize two contradictory methodo logical principles: Besides, papers and essays in English are crucial to help qualitative content analysis gain attention and dissemination internationally researrch well. Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches Vol.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research

This has led to the appearance of mixed method qulaitative and the use of triangulation e. Knowledge and Process Management 14 3, The so-called inter-coder reliability shows to what extent different coders agree in the coding of the same text and intra-coder reliability explains how stable the coding of one coder is.

However, “extraction” seems to be closely related to MAYRING’s structuring since it literally means the extraction of the relevant information from the text by the resrarch of using a category system. From Underground to Elite: Research Question, Aim and Structure of the Paper. Basic proceeding of qualitative content analysis Source: Please read the privacy information for details.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research florian kohlbacher

That is why the procedures need to be tested in a pilot study.