These practices transform the world. A similar definition has been extended by Miles and Huberman as a phenomenon of some sort occurring in a bounded context. The main idea of the procedure is to formulate a criterion of definition, derived from the theoretical background and the research question, which determines the aspects of the textual material taken into account. It is basically the nature of the research question that will determine the type of methodology for a research. According to Yin a explanation building technique analyzes the case study by generating and building an explanation about the case.

Therefore, qualitative content analysis offers a rule-based, theory-guided method for analyzing interview transcripts, just in the way it is required by the principles of case study research. This paper has citations. Yin has highlighted the confusion about the evidence e. At the same time he seeks to encourage the integration of qualitative content analysis into the important step of data analysis in case study research. The question is whether instances of disagreement are particularly common with particular categories. Theory-guided analysis also offers the chance to compare and complement the primary data collected within the research project with secondary data. The use of the qualitative content analysis in psychology:

Examples in psychology Bromley, sociology Creswell, ; Anxlysis, and in education Stake, ; have studied the individual as the unit of analysis. It also seeks to position the case study strategy within the methodological framework of an inquiry that provides guidance to the novice researcher. This same script, by encouraging kohlbacherr participants to talk about certain subjects, provides the researcher priori categories for analyzing its data, especially in the categorization process.

The aim of the latter is a generalization.

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qualitatibe Organizational issues should be particularly studied as part of the overall system to see how it fits into the bigger etudy of the organizational strategy. Besides, due to the limited scope of this paper and my own research interests, the focus will mainly be on organizational and managerial research, even though both qualitative content analysis as well as case study research can be used in a much wider range of research fields see also Sections 3.


According to Yin a case study research is an all-encompassing method, covering the logic of design, data collection techniques, and specific approaches to data analysis.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research kohlbacher

The aim is not to terminate a study, but to generate and develop ideas for further study. Stake and Harling classified case study research into intrinsic, instrumental, and collective case study.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research

Using a single or multiple case study, the need, whether to use a theory or not has been debated by the authors and concluded in divergence. The question is whether instances of disagreement are particularly common with particular categories. YIN’s a answer to this:.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research kohlbacher

Additionally, other simplifying elements of analjsis fundamental aspects of the phenomenon are taken into account for the new alignment, being necessary to resort to the theoretical model 2 and to the abstract theory 2. Prospects not so radical advocate the relevance of using the theory concurrently with the categorization process e. Survey, grounded theory, action research, ethnography, and case study are some of the research strategies available for the researcher to choose from.

Thus, we believe that this qualitative CA may in fact to contribute to the advancement of knowledge in psychology. Since arguments concerning the content are judged to be more important than methodical issues in qualitative analysis, validity takes priority over reliability MAYRING,p.


For this the text is paraphrased, generalized or abstracted and reduced. Essential guide to qualitative methods in….

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research kohlbacher

The model can also be analogously designed as a “gestalt”, which dynamically changes as the links and refers to a representation which stkdy the apprehension of the whole from its constituent parts. Thus, it is assumed that phenomena have relative stability and, depending on the theoretical model and the abstract theory of which it is a simplification, it can be analyzed from various qualtative but as much of the researches that use CA, it does not take into account the clear existence of a phenomenon, this point can be difficult to understand.


Mayring, Philipp a, June. A research paradigm whose time has come. Estudos Neolatinos7 2Basics of qualitative research.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research – Semantic Scholar

The Case Study as a Research Method. In a final step—or a final series of steps—the results and findings of a case study need to be brought to closure. The consideration of this role model seems essential, because in its absence, the researcher is faced with a series of conteht which, by themselves, are not able to say much about a more stable phenomenon, although this stability, in the case of research in psychology, is provisional.

From Underground to Elite: It consists of a set of interpretive, material practices that make the world visible. The author has further stressed the use of case study research for explanation questions rather than incidence questions.

Kombination und Integration qualitativer und quantitativer Analyse Philipp Mayring The author argues in favor of both case study research as a research strategy—trying to disprove the critiques just mentioned—and qualitative content analysis as a method of examination of data material.

Choosing an thee methodology for a research can enhance the quality of its results; especially in the academics. One of the key features of qualitative content analysis in contrast to classical quantitative content analysis is that the context is also central to the interpretation and analysis of the material.

The author differentiates explanatory designs as the ones that seek to establish cause-and-effect relationships.