Representing its passions and humors,. Defends the English invention of tragi-comedy by suggesting that the use of mirth with tragedy provides “contraries” that “set each other off” and give the audience relief from the heaviness of straight tragedy. We find Ben Jonson using them in his Magnetic Lady , where one comes out from Dinner, and relates the quarrels and disorders of it to save the undecent appearing of them on the Stage, and to abbreviate the Story: The Ancients followed these rules and the effect is satisfying and pleasing. Though “the moderns have profited by the rules of the ancients” they have “excelled them.
Though he himself favours modern drama, he does not blame others. The essay is structured as a dialogue among four friends on the river Thames. He describes the thing in such a way that not only one can see, but also you feel it. May not I conclude against blank verse by the same reason? In Catiline you may see the Parliament of Women; the little envies of them to one another; and all that passes betwixt Curio and Fulvia: But their humors, if I may grace them with that name, are so thin sown that never above one of them come up in any Play: Unlike Italians and Spaniard, ancients have not been consistent on number of acts.
But these stories are transformed for dramatic purposes; in this regard they are superior even to the Ancients.
This new way consisted in measure or number of feet and rhyme. Corneille says judiciously, that the Poet is not obliged to expose to view all particular actions which conduce to the principal: You would have him follow Nature, but he must follow her on foot: Suppose we acknowledge it: They have perfected the division of plays and divided their plays not into acts but into various scenes.
You said the Dialogue of Plays is presented as sparrknotes effect of sudden thought, but no man speaks suddenly, or extempore in Rhyme: Qui Bavium non odit, etc.
An Essay of Dramatic Poesy by John Dryden: An Overview
Dryden wrote this essay as a dramatic dialogue with four characters EugeniusCritesLisideius and Neander representing four critical positions. But you took no notice that rhyme might be made as natural as blank verse, by the well placing of the words, etc. It is wrong to believe that the French represent no part of their action on sparknotws stage.
Views Read Sn source View history. Shakespeare “had the largest and most comprehensive soul,” while Jonson was “the most learned and judicious writer which any theater ever had. Rhymed verse alone, made natural or near to prose, is suitable for tragedy. They are often too bold in their metaphors and in their coinages.
An Essay of Dramatic Poesy Summary by John Dryden
For, if you consider the Plots, our own are fuller of variety, if the writing ours are more quick and fuller of spirit: But to speak generally, it cannot be denied that short Speeches and Replies are more apt to more the passions, and beget concernment ab us than the other: When the rest had concurred in the same opinion, Crites, a person of a sharp judgment, and somewhat too delicate a taste in wit, which the world have mistaken in him for ill nature, said, smiling to jobn, that if the concernment of this battle had not been so exceeding great, he could scarce have wished the Victory at the price he knew must pay for it, in being subject to the reading and hearing of so many ill verses as he was sure would be made upon it; adding, that no Argument could scape some of those eternal Rhymers, who watch a Battle with more diligence than the Ravens and birds of Prey; and the worst of them surest to be first in upon the quarry, while the better able, either out of modesty writ not at all, or set that due value upon their Poems, as to let them be often called for and long expected!
Jojn are best at “the lively imitation of nature” human nature. I deny not what you urge of Arts and Sciences, that they have flourished in some ages more than others; but your instance in Philosophy makes for me: But what will Lisideius say if they themselves acknowledge they are too strictly tied up by those laws, for breaking which he has blamed the English?
I deny not but this may suit well enough with the French; for as we, who are a more sullen people, come to be diverted at our Plays; they who are of an airy and gay temper come thither to make themselves more serious: So as far as the three dramatic unities are concerned, the French Dramatists observe them more faithfully than the Greeks themselves who propounded them.
John Dryden: An Essay of Dramatic Poesy
I acknowledge the hand of Art appears in repartee, as of necessity it must in all kind of verse. Sparnotes must not be represented. If they had tragic-comedies, perhaps Aristotle would have revised his rules.
They keep their distances as if they were Montagues and Capulets, and seldom begin an acquaintance till the last Scene of the Fifth Act, when they are all to meet upon the Stage.
This is indeed Musas colere severiores [to cultivate the muses intensely—ed. There is scarce an Humor, a Character, or any kind of Plot, which they have not blown upon: Claudius, Macbeth, Elizabeth, Iago b.
Both sadness spparknotes well as joy are heightened and are set side by side. Rhyme helps the judgment and thus makes it easier to control the free flights of the fancy. But if no latitude is to be allowed a Poet, you take from him not only his license of quidlibet audendi [daring what he wills—ed.
Newer Post Older Post Home. Thus then the second thoughts being usually the best, as receiving the maturest digestion from judgment, and the last and most mature product of those thoughts being artful and labored verse, it may well be inferred, that verse is a great help to a luxuriant Fancy, and this is what that Argument which you opposed was to evince.
The Plot, the Characters, the Wit, the Passions, the Descriptions, are all exalted above the level of common converse, as high as the imagination of the Poet can carry them, with proportion sparkntes verisimility. John Fletcher belonged to the Age of Elizabeth, who was Dramatist of high quality and poet too.